Since the adoption of the Fernstraßenbauprivatfinanzierungsgesetz (FStrPrivFinG - German Act on Private Financing for Transport Infrastructure) in 1994, "Special constructions" - bridges, tunnels and passes - can, in the course of federal highways or multiplelane national roads be built, maintained operated and financed privately. A private partner is granted the concession to operate the special construction or section of a national road for a certain period of time (usually 30 years).
With the F model, the private partner refinances expenses by collecting a toll from the user. This toll rate requires approval by state authorities. Additionally, the Federal Government can support the project with initial funding (start-up financing).
The benefits of the F model include:
So far, two projects have been realised, the Warnowtunnel in Rostock (opened in 2003) and the Herrentunnel in Lübeck (opened in 2005). Another project, the new Strelasund crossing to connect the island of Rügen to the mainland was put out to tender. However, the tender was suspended because no verifiable and eligible offer was received. The Strelasundbrücke was then realised conventionally and was opened to traffic at the end of 2007.
Together with consultants who participated in the projects, VIFG prepared an assessment for the Ministry of Transport within the scope of the evaluation of the F models (the progress report and other documents can be downloaded in the download section). The analysis showed that the expectations of the three previously projects put out to tender had not been fulfilled. The small number of projects and their economic development can be attributed to the following reasons:
Accordingly, the full potential of the existing scopes in the Fernstraßenbauprivatfinanzierungsgesetz (FStrPrivFinG - German Act on Private Financing for Transport Infrastructure for an individually optimal project structure was not close to being achieved in previous projects. Essential economic and legal parameters shall therefore
be differentiated much stronger than before in future projects. A flexible application of the F model is possible for example within the following scopes:
The F model, in its specific basic structure, remains a useful alternative for public procurement. The implementation of additional projects using the F model continues to be discussed with projects such as the Albaufstieg in Baden-Wuerttemberg or the Weser crossing in Bremen.